General Medicine, Diabetes, Endocrinology

Ospedale San Raffaele

key figures 


  • Internal Medicine
  • Diabetes 



Internal Medicine

The Unit of General Medicine is composed of one inpatient Clinical Unit of General Medicine, a Multidisciplinary Medical Day Hospital Service and many Outpatient Clinics covering the following medical specialties: Allergology, Clinical Immunology, Diabetes, Endocrinology, Hepatology, Internal Medicine, Metabolic Diseases, Nutrition and Rheumatology. Within the Unit, physicians, nurses, researchers, technicians, students and volunteers are dedicated to patient clinical care, with a continuum of treatments encompassing preventive medicine, acute care, long-term therapies and rehabilitation. The objective of the Unit is to integrate clinical care, research and education with the aim of assisting patients at the best of current medical knowledge and technological expertise.

All diagnostic and therapeutic procedures are conducted within the same integrated multidisciplinary facilities, including the Day Hospital and the daily outpatient facility, with a shared staff of physicians, nurses and technicians, working together with the specialty consultant physicians.

Main Pathologies Treated:

  • All kind of allergies
  • Rheumatic diseases
  • Diabetes in all its forms and complications
  • Endocrine diseases (thyroid, pituitary, adrenal)
  • Obesity and other metabolic diseases
  • Hepatic diseases


The Clinical Diabetes Centre at the San Raffaele Hospital, integrated with the Diabetes Research Institute (DRI), is renowned as a leading Institution for diabetes care. The group has gained a reputation for consistent and innovative research and clinical care over the years, resulting in a growing rate of referrals of patients from the whole Italy and outside. The integrated type 1 diabetes adult and paediatric outpatient clinics at San Raffaele follow more than 3,000 patients with type 1 diabetes (Adult 1200, Paediatric 1800); while another 3,000 adult patients with type 2 diabetes are regularly followed-up at the type 2 diabetes clinic. Consolidated clinical and clinical research expertise exists in the fields of: technologies applied to diabetes (wearable insulin pumps and glucose sensors), prediction and prevention of type 1 diabetes (part of the international NIH-funded TrialNet consortium), immunotherapies, new drugs, islet, pancreas and kidney transplantation, diabetes and pregnancy, retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy, cardio-diabetes and diabetic cardiovascular complications.

The Clinical Diabetes Centre operates in strict collaboration with the Diabetes Research Institute, with the overall objective of promoting the integration between research and care, and facilitating translation of innovative front-of-the-line research into clinical care of patients with diabetes. The whole Diabetes group takes advantage of the day-to-day interaction between clinicians and scientists, with extensive access to patients, most advanced diagnostic lab procedures and technologies.

Main Pathologies Treated:

  • Childhood, adolescent, juvenile and adult type 1 diabetes
  • Type 2, gestational and monogenic diabetes

Top Procedures:

Treatments include advanced technological treatments (insulin pumps and glucose sensors integrated by predictive algorithm), islet and pancreas transplantation, and all newly developed treatments for diabetes and diabetic complications (e.g. Laser and anti-VEGF for retinopathy, FREMS and electrical stimulations for neuropathies).


  • Algorithm integrated systems, incorporating wearable pumps for continuous insulin infusion used in combination with glucose sensors