Atopic dermatitis (eczema)
Which are the symptoms?
The skin is red, severely itchy and eczematous, characterized by noticeable dryness, flaking and thickening.
In children, lesions are usually localized on the scalp, cheeks, skin folds (elbows and knees), buttocks.
Atopic dermatitis is often associated with food allergies, asthma, and allergic rhinitis (especially mites).
How is it treated?
In the acute phase, topical medications are used, mainly corticosteroids and emollient ointments. If food allergy has been demonstrated, irritating foods should be avoided.
In cases where sensitization to mites or pollen has been documented, treatment with specific immunotherapy is indicated.