Aneurysmal pathology of the arteries of the lower extremities
Which are the symptoms?
It is a predominantly asymptomatic pathology. In some cases, it can cause artery occlusion with limb ischemia or rupture.
- cramping calf pain
- pain in the thigh and buttocks
- hypothermia and cyanosis of the limbs
- claudication intermittens
- peripheral ulcers
- distal gangrene
- pulsating mass in the back of the knee
How is it diagnosed?
Patients with the described symptoms are at high risk for suspicion of aneurysmal popliteal artery disease and should undergo imaging tests.
How is it treated?
Surgical treatment: it is implemented by replacing (bypass) the aneurysmal artery with a synthetic or biological prosthesis (saphenous vein). Endovascular treatment: feasible only in some cases. Percutaneously (without incisions), arteriography is performed, and one or more covered stents (metal mesh tubes) are implanted.