Pineal region tumors
Causes and risk factors
These tumors are more common in children (3-8% of pediatric brain tumors) than in adults.
How is it diagnosed?
How is it treated?
In germ cell tumors, certain chemicals such as beta hCG and alpha-fetoprotein may be present in the patients’ cerebrospinal fluid: these markers play an important role in the diagnosis and follow-up of the patient.
The initial symptom may be acute hydrocephalus, requiring immediate intervention with external ventricular drainage or ventriculoperitoneal shunt. This is followed by radiation therapy and surgical intervention. The latter method is usually used for benign well encapsulated tumors, radioresistant tumors, and tumors with an uncertain radiological diagnosis.