Which are the symptoms?
Haemorrhoidal disorders are characterized by prolapse (leakage of haemorrhoidal tissue outside the anus). The main symptom of haemorrhoidal disease is not pain.
· Wet anus
· Difficulties in defecation
· Pain (thrombosis of haemorrhoid nodes)
· Contamination (difficulty with hygiene)
How is it diagnosed?
Diagnosing haemorrhoidal disease requires an accurate history and a specialised proctological examination. A perineal examination, a rectal examination and finally anoscopy will be performed during the examination. A colonoscopy may be requested to complete the patient's examination, but it is not a useful examination for diagnosing haemorrhoidal node pathology.
How is it treated?
Treatment of haemorrhoidal pathology can be medical or surgical. The therapy will be chosen according to the disease pattern, disorders, the patient's characteristics and any comorbidities. The proctologist will be able to suggest the best treatment for the patient. Medication therapy is described on another sheet, and here is a list of surgical possibilities.