What is it?
Hemorrhoids are a common part of our anatomy (of our body). They are divided into internal hemorrhoids, which cover the last part of the rectum, and marginal hemorrhoids, which are located at the level of the anal margin, i.e. at the beginning of the anal canal. The hemorrhoidal tissue plays an important role in maintaining anorectal continence, acting as a "shock absorber" and protection of the anorectal canal during the passage of the feces.
Which are the symptoms?
Hemorrhoidal disorders are characterized by prolapse (leakage outside the anus of the hemorrhoidal tissue). The main symptom of hemorrhoidal disease is not pain!
- Wet Anus
- Difficulty in defecation
- Pain (hemorrhoidal thrombosis)
- Soiling (difficulty in hygiene)
How is it diagnosed?
The diagnosis of hemorrhoidal pathology requires an accurate history and a specialist proctological examination. During the visit will be performed the inspection of the perineal plane, a rectal exploration and finally an anoscopy. Colonoscopy may be requested to complete the study of the patient but it is not a useful test to diagnose hemorrhoidal pathology.
How is it treated?
The treatment of hemorrhoidal pathology can be medical or surgical. The therapy will be individualized according to the picture of the disease, the disorders, the characteristics of the patient, any comorbidities. The proctologist will be able to propose the best treatment for the patient. The medical therapy is described in another sheet, below is a list of surgical possibilities.
Where do we treat it?
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