Which are the symptoms?
Symptoms present are characterized by increased venous pressure in the lower extremities, such as edema, feeling of heaviness and pain in one leg, especially the left leg, recurrent deep vein thrombosis, especially in the left leg, and non-healing wounds, ulcer, dry and dark skin on the ankle.
- Leg pain
- Swelling and burning in the legs
- Occurrence of ulcers
- Deep vein thrombosis
- Pelvic pain
How is it diagnosed?
Diagnosis is based primarily on the patient's objective examination and medical history. With echocolordoppler imaging examinations, it is possible to make a diagnostic suspicion that subsequently requires second level investigations to assess the location of the venous return obstruction point and the presence of intravascular irregularities and compensatory hypertrophic collateral circulation.
How is it treated?
In asymptomatic cases with mild symptoms, conservative approach with follow-up is recommended. In more severe symptoms, endovascular interventions have excellent results, including implantation of a self-expanding intravascular metallic stent in the stenotic tract of the left iliac vein.