Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV)
Which are the symptoms?
The main symptom is rotatory vertigo lasting a few minutes exacerbated by head movements and/or triggered by the acquisition of a particular posture associated with nausea and/or vomiting.
- Rotatory vertigo
- Nausea and/or vomiting
How is it diagnosed?
To date, this pathology can be diagnozed by correct anamnestic collection of the patient's clinical history and symptoms, in addition to the execution of certain diagnostic positioning maneuvers (Dix-Hallpike maneuver, Pagnini-McClure maneuver).
How is it treated?
The treatment of benign positional paroxysmal vertigo involves the execution of specific liberating maneuvers (e.g. Semont maneuver, Epley maneuver, etc.) performed on the basis of the involvement of a specific semicircular canal. Pharmacological medical treatments can also be used in order to reduce the sense of residual instability that may persist for days after the maneuvers are performed.