Clubfoot prenatal diagnosys
Which are the symptoms?
This isolated fetal pathologic condition is not associated with maternal morbid conditions.
How is it diagnosed?
Detailed ultrasound examination.
Non-isolated cases: invasive testing and array.
Isolated: standard follow-up.
How is it treated?
In 90% of cases good long-term function is achieved by manipulation and serial application of casts, supported by limited operative intervention.
Surgery is necessary in about 10% of cases and in one third more than one operation is needed.