Which are the symptoms?
- Abdominal wall mass in the suprapubic region below a low insertion of the umbilical cord.
- Non-visible bladder with normal volume of amniotic fluid.
- Widely separated pubic bones, short and broad penis in males, hemiclitoris on either side of the bladder in females.
How is it diagnosed?
- Detailed ultrasound examination.
- Invasive testing to determine the genetic sex of the fetus.
- Follow-up should be standard.
How is it treated?
Survival rate is >95%. Surgery aims to achieve bladder closure and urinary continence, and epispadias repair.
Where do we treat it?
Within the San Donato Group, you can find Bladder exstrophy specialists at these departments: