Diana Canetti

Infectious disease specialist


Dr. Diana Canetti is an infectious diseases specialist at the Infectious Diseases Unit of the IRCCS Ospedale San Raffaele Turro, headed by Professor Antonella Antonella Castagna.

After graduating from the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the University of Parma in 2010, she specialized in infectious and tropical diseases at the University of Verona in 2016. Finally, in 2017, she received a professional diploma in Tropical Medicine and hygiene at the Tropical Medicine and Hygiene School of Tropical Medicine in Liverpool.

From a clinical point of view, Dr. Canetti has gained experience in the following areas:

  • viral hepatitis and its complications,
  • antibiotic therapy aimed, in particular, at the control of hospital infections and multi-resistant microbes,
  • pulmonary infectious diseases of tuberculosis and fungal etiology.

Currently, the focus is on:

  • prevention and treatment of HIV infection, with a special interest in the management of multi-resistant viral infections,
  • antibiotic therapy of hospital infections,
  • vaccination and pharmacological prevention in the field of travel medicine.

In addition, since the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, she has been working in high- and medium-intensity infectious disease departments.

As a researcher, Dr. Canetti started her career at the Azienda Ospedaliero Laboratory of Viral Immunopathology at the University of Parma. Currently, at Ospedale San Raffaele, she works in the research group of Professor Antonella Castagna, dealing, in particular, with clinical research in the field of HIV.

In the academic field in 2019, she was a researcher at the University of Life and Health with the project "The role of the pathogen and the immunological response in the long-term complications of HIV-HCV coinfection".

She is the author and co-author of several scientific articles published in international journals. Constantly participates in international industry congresses and conferences.

Dr. Canetti collaborates with scientific publishing activities in support of StopTB Italia ONLUS and the Milano Check Point Association.

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Latest publications

The circulating pool of functionally competent NK and CD8+ cells predicts the outcome of anti-PD1 treatment in advanced NSCLC
G. Lung Cancer. 2019 Jan;127:153-163.
Mazzaschi G, Facchinetti F, Missale G, Canetti D, Madeddu D, Zecca A, Veneziani M, Gelsomino F, Goldoni M, Buti S, Bordi P, Aversa F, Ardizzoni A, Quaini F, Tiseo M.
Aerosolized amphotericin B lipid complex and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis: a case report.
Infez Med. 2015 Mar;23(1):44-7.
Canetti D, Cazzadori A, Adami I, Lifrieri F, Cristino S, Concia E.
Delay in schistosomiasis diagnosis and treatment: a multicenter cohort study in Italy
J Travel Med. 2019 Oct 16. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31616948.
Comelli A, Riccardi N, Canetti D, Spinicci M, Cenderello G, Magro P, Nicolini LA, Marchese V, Zammarchi L, Castelli F, Bartoloni A, Di Biagio A, Caligaris S, Gaiera G.
Rhodococcus defluvii pneumonia first reported case in humans.
AIDS. 2019 Nov 15;33(14):2261-2263.
Canetti D, Riccardi N, Mastrangelo A, Cichero P, Pasciuta R, Tambussi G, Castagna A, Guffanti M.
HIV and Tuberculosis: the paradox of dual illnesses and the challenges of their fighting in the history
Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2020 May; 122:101921. doi: 10.1016/j.tube.2020.101921. Epub 2020 Mar 25. PMID: 32501257.
Canetti D, Riccardi N, Martini M, Villa S, Di Biagio A, Codecasa L, Castagna A, Barberis I, Gazzaniga V, Besozzi G.
Clofazimine: an old drug for never-ending diseases
Future Microbiol. 2020 May;15:557-566. doi: 10.2217/fmb-2019-0231. Epub 2020 Jun 1. PMID: 32476494.
Riccardi N, Giacomelli A, Canetti D, Comelli A, Intini E, Gaiera G, Diaw MM, Udwadia Z, Besozzi G, Codecasa L, Biagio AD.
The evolution of a neglected disease: tuberculosis discoveries in the centuries
J Prev Med Hyg. 2020 Apr 30;61(1 Suppl 1):E9-E12. doi: 10.15167/2421-4248/jpmh2020.61.1s1.1353. PMID: 32529098; PMCID: PMC7263068.
Riccardi N, Canetti D, Martini M, Diaw MM, DI Biagio A, Codecasa L, Barberis I, Bragazzi NL, Besozzi G.
Intestinal tuberculosis versus Inflammatory Bowel Diseases: a neverending challenge
New Microbiol. 2020 Jul;43(3):139-143. Epub 2020 Jun 13. PMID: 32656568.
Castellotti P, Riccardi N, Ferrarese M, Canetti D, Fanti D, Forti E, Reda M, Alexiadis S, Bonoldi E, Saporiti M, Perno CF, Ruffo Codecasa L.
From the past, a long way to future challenges for a greater control of tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (Edinb). 2020 Jul;123:101948. doi: 10.1016/j.tube.2020.101948. Epub 2020 Jun 6. PMID: 32741532.
Villa S, Riccardi N, Canetti D, Alagna R, Castellotti P, Ferrarese M, Cirillo D, Barberis I, Bragazzi NL, Gazzaniga V, Ricucci V, Codecasa LR, Besozzi G, Martini M.
Energy metabolism and cell motility defect in NK-cells from patients with hepatocellular carcinoma
Cancer Immunol Immunother. 2020 Aug;69(8):1589-1603. doi:10.1007/s00262-020-02561-4. Epub 2020 Apr 19. PMID: 32307580.
Zecca A, Barili V, Canetti D, Regina V, Olivani A, Carone C, Capizzuto V, Zerbato B, Trenti T, Dalla Valle R, Ferrari C, Cariani E, Missale G.
Simplification to High Genetic Barrier 2- Drug Regimens in People Living With HIV Harboring 4-Class Resistance Enrolled in the PRESTIGIO Registry
J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2020 Aug 1;84(4):e24-e28. doi: 10.1097/QAI.0000000000002378. PMID: 32598119.
Canetti D, Galli L, Gianotti N, Celotti A, Calza L, Gagliardini R, Rusconi S, Modica S, Cenderello G, Ferrara M, Santoro MM, Zazzi M, Castagna A; PRESTIGIO Study Group.
Coronavirus Disease 2019 in Recipient of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Life-threating Features Within the Early Post-engraftment Phase. Hemasphere
2020 Aug 10;4(4):e448. doi: 10.1097/HS9.0000000000000448. Erratum in: Hemasphere. 2020 Sep 16;4(5):e493. PMID: 32885143; PMCID: PMC7430227.
Oltolini C, Guidetti A, Ripa M, Castiglioni B, Tassan Din C, Mastaglio S, Canetti D, Monti G, Andolina A, Molinari C, Poloniato A, Mastrangelo A, Ferrante M, Lanzillotta M, Scarpellini P, Castagna A, Corradini P, Ciceri F.
CSF viral replication and burden of resistance in three HIV-1-infected people taking Ibalizumab with multiple drug class-wide resistance
AIDS. 2020 Sep 14. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000002687. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 32932341.
Muccini C, Spagnuolo V, Canetti D, Bigoloni A, Cernuschi M, Franzin M, Sampaolo M, Castagna A.
SARS-CoV-2 IgG/IgM Rapid Test as a Diagnostic Tool in Hospitalized Patients and Healthcare Workers, at a large Teaching Hospital in northern Italy, during the 2020 COVID-19 Pandemic
New Microbiol. 2020 Oct;43(4):161-165. Epub 2020 Oct 31. PMID: 33135083.
Canetti D, Dell'Acqua R, Riccardi N, Della Torre L, Bigoloni A, Muccini C, Bruzzesi E, Ranzenigo M, Chiurlo M, Racca S, Galli C, Castagna A, Tambussi G, Lazzarin A.
Cerebrospinal fluid viral replication and burden of resistance in three HIV-1-infected people taking Ibalizumab with multiple drug class-wide resistance
AIDS. 2020 Nov 15;34(14):2152-2155. doi:10.1097/QAD.0000000000002687. PMID: 33105172.
Muccini C, Spagnuolo V, Canetti D, Bigoloni A, Cernuschi M, Franzin M, Sampaolo M, Castagna A.

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